Monday, May 25, 2020
A dangling modifier is a word or phrase (often a participle or participial phrase) that doesnt actuallyÃ modifyÃ the word its intended to modify. In some cases, a dangling modifier refers to a word that doesnt even appear in the sentence. It is also called a dangling participle, hanging modifier, floater, floating modifier, or misrelated participle. Dangling modifiers are commonly (though not universally) regarded as grammatical errors. One way to correct a dangling modifier is to add a noun phrase that the modifier can logically describe. Another way to correct this grammatical error is to make the modifier part of a dependent clause. Fixing Dangling Modifiers Purdue OWLÃ says that to fix dangling modifiers, its helpful to first explore how a modifier should read in a grammatically correct sentence, giving this example: Having finished the assignment,Ã JillÃ turned on the TV. This sentence is correctly composed becauseÃ JillÃ is the subject, and the phrase having finished the assignmentÃ describes Jill. By contrast, a sentence with a dangling modifier might read: Having finished the assignment,Ã the TVÃ was turned on. In this sentence, the phrase having finished the assignment is the dangling modifier. A TVÃ cannotÃ finish a homework assignment (at least not with the current state of technology), so the dangling modifier doesnt seem to modify anything in the sentence. You know from the previous sentence that the phrase is supposed to modifyÃ Jill. Its Jill, after all, who finished the homework assignment. Purdue OWL offers another example of a dangling modifier: Having arrived late for practice,Ã a written excuseÃ was needed. Who arrived late? Purdue asks. Presumably, aÃ written excuseÃ cant arrive anywhere. To correct the dangling modifier, the writer needs to add something to the sentence, namely, the person who arrived late: Having arrived late for practice,Ã the team captainÃ needed a written excuse. In this correctly composed sentence, the reader knows thatÃ the team captainÃ arrived late and needs a written excuse. Having thus added the nounÃ¢â¬âor person who did the actionÃ¢â¬âthe writer corrected the sentence and fixed the error of the dangling modifier. The Problem With Phrases Your DictionaryÃ notes that phrasesÃ¢â¬âcompared to a word or twoÃ¢â¬âoften confuse inexperienced writers when it comes to modifiers. For example: TheÃ very happyÃ boy ran fast. Its easy to see thatÃ happyÃ is anÃ adjectiveÃ that modifiesÃ boy, whileÃ veryÃ is anÃ adverbÃ that modifiesÃ happy.Ã A writer would be unlikely to unintentionally omit the subject of the sentence and write: TheÃ very happyÃ ran fast. In this example, these words would constitute aÃ dangling modifierÃ because they dont modify anything in the sentence: The writer has removed the subjectÃ boy. When it comes to phrases, however, its much easier to unintentionally create a dangling modifier, says Your Dictionary, as in: Hoping to garner favor, my parents were unimpressed with the gift. Note that the sentence doesÃ have a subject,Ã my parents. The phraseÃ hoping to garner favor,Ã then, seems to modify the subject,Ã my parents.Ã But on closer inspection, note that the phrase is actually a dangling modifier.Ã TheÃ parentsÃ were not hoping to garner favor with themselves, so its left to the reader to wonder:Ã WhoÃ is trying to garner favor? To fix the dangling modifier, add a subject that tells the readerÃ whoÃ is hoping to impress the parents: Hoping to garner favor, my new boyfriend brought my parents a gift that failed to impress them. The phraseÃ hoping to garner favorÃ now describesÃ my boyfriend, so it is no longer a dangling modifier. To fully fix the sentence, the writer also added a verb,Ã brought, to describe what the boyfriend was doing and aÃ restrictive clause,Ã that failed to impress them, explaining how the gift went over with the parents. The Clue ofÃ Passive Voice SometimesÃ¢â¬âthough not alwaysÃ¢â¬âyou can tell that a sentence contains aÃ dangling modifierÃ if it includes passive voice, as in this example fromÃ Grammar Bytes:Ã Hungry, the leftover pizza was devoured. The single-word adjective,Ã hungry, is the dangling modifier in this sentence. A pizza, after all, cannot beÃ hungryÃ orÃ devourÃ itself. SoÃ whoÃ was hungry? The sentence needs a subject for the modifier to describe, such as these possibilities: Hungry,Ã weÃ devoured the leftover pizza.Hungry, the team devoured the leftover pizza.Hungry, I devoured the pizza. All of these sentences are correct and eliminate the dangling modifier. In the first, the modifier hungry describes we; in the second, it describes the team; and, in the third, it describes I. With any of the sentences, the reader clearly understandsÃ whoÃ is hungry. Dangling Participles As noted,Ã dangling modifiersÃ are also calledÃ dangling participles. AÃ participleÃ is aÃ verbalÃ that typically ends in -ingÃ (theÃ present participle)Ã or -edÃ (theÃ past participle). By itself, aÃ participle can function as anÃ adjectiveÃ (as in theÃ sleepingÃ baby or theÃ damagedÃ pump). You can sometimes tell that you have aÃ dangling modifierÃ¢â¬âor dangling participleÃ¢â¬âby looking to see if the sentence contains such anÃ -ingÃ verbal, saysÃ Writing Explained, giving this example: Reading the regulations, the dog did not enter the park. The participial phraseÃ reading the regulationsÃ is the dangling modifier because it does not actually modify anything in the sentence. A dog cannot read regulations, so the word or words thatÃ reading the regulationsÃ modifies have been omitted from the sentence, says the writing and grammar website.
Friday, May 15, 2020
Development of ideas DeWitt and Osborne (2010) conducted a study to evaluate the effectiveness of science centre exhibits and examine how visitors engage with them, so recommendations for amendments and enhancements could be made to enhance visitor (experiences). No explicit research questions were provided, but the researchers mentioned that the questions examined focussed on studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ interactions with the exhibits, their cognitive response and their use of scientific concepts and knowledge when discussing the exhibits. The sample of the study consisted of 129 primary school students from five schools. As the study was exploratory in nature, a qualitative methodology was used to gather studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ experiences in-depth. The researchersÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦I had not considered interviewing my students in groups before reading this article. The authors contend that having other students present in the room may increase their comfort and facilitate group collaboration (DeWitt Osborne , 2010). Thus, as students may be more comfortable, this may elicit more detailed responses and the opportunity to collaborate may help students to come up with ideas Ã¢â¬ ¦ Furthermore, this study has inspired me to use pictures and videos to assist students in the interview. With the parentsÃ¢â¬â¢ and the childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s consent, I would record and photograph the childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s participation in Ã¢â¬Ëhuff nÃ¢â¬â¢ puffÃ¢â¬â¢. These recordings may help the students to answer the interview questions by aiding recall and visualising the whole activity. For example, a student may not have considered a safety concern until they had viewed the recording. Taskin (2012) undertook an exploratory study to analyse the influence of the new constructivism-based curriculum on primary school students in Turkey. No research question was provided, but the researcher aimed to investigate how students define and view learning and the subsequent strategies teachers can use to assist learning. 55 students from diverse socioeconomic backgrounds in middle and upper primary schools in Turkey participated in the study. The researcher aimed to gather a deep insight into the studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ experiences and views of learning. Thus, as the study was exploratory, the researcherShow MoreRelatedWhat Is an Essay?1440 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBuscemi Essay #3 Rough Draft An essay is a creative written piece in which the author uses different styles such as diction, tone, pathos, ethos or logos to communicate a message to the reader using either a personal experience, filled with morals and parables, or a informative text filled with educational terms. Educational terms could mean the usage of complicated and elevated words or simply information you would get in schools. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Single-payer health care would also improve the ease with which people receive competent health care. A single-payer health care system with a streamlined means of receiving and paying for medical care would save valuable time and money as compared to our current health care system, which is bogged down in a morass of complex and varying insurance forms by indifferent insurance companies. The complexity could lead one to think the insurance companies would be more than happy to simply not make payments after their customers have received the required care. The administrative cost of dealing with so many varied insurance companies alone is exorbitant, Ã¢â¬Å"$82,975 per physician per year spent in the United StatesÃ¢â¬ (Morra et al. n. pag). NearlyÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦n. pag). At 20.6 hours per week, dealing with insurance payments and the like is basically a part time job unto itself. Such time would doubtless be better spent serving and healing the actual patients rather than attempting to pin down the intricacies of an insurance plan or cost of treatment. Not to mention the fact that under a national health care plan, there would be less of a need to individually work out payment plans or deductibles (much of which insurance companies seem to spend on marketing, anyway). An internist and professor at Harvard, Dr. Steffie Woolhandler stated that Ã¢â¬Å"it may take years for many Americans with high deductibles to understand just how toxic they areÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"SingleÃ¢â¬ n. pag). Dr. Woolhandler is referring to the fact that often, individuals may pay exorbitant prices for a health insurance plan; but when it comes time to put it to use, it can be extremely difficult to coerce an insurance company to deliver on their promises. This wastes the time of both physician and patient, thus making medical care even more difficult to successfully obtain. A single-payer plan would allow for faster, easier, and more efficient medical care in the United St ates. Single-payer health care would improve the health of the average American because it would make proper and economical health care more available to every person. America needs to improve its medical availability in order to better provide for its Doner 7
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Describe about the research of Influence of Islam upon Africa? Answer: Introduction: After European invasion of the Africa there existed a considerable expansion in Muslim as well as Christian communities. Though the Christianity was actually perceived by few like a mechanism of colonialism as well as a part and parcel of the European civilizing task, attaining Islam was conversely viewed like the anti-colonial that reflected a type of resistance other than the collaboration. Also Islam has offered a proper sense of society during the colonial rule while the continent experienced a phase of speedy change as well as mobility (Beckingham and Trimingham, 1981). People also sought to thoroughly manage practice and acceptance of Islam within their colonies. At the same time all the officials who were half heartened labors slavery, inconsistent work cash cropping tasks and also arbitrary authority by badly trained as well as underfunded admin even brought dramatic plus very unexpected changes within the way in which communities reacted (Weiss, 1971). Discussion: Diversity meaning- Diversity refers to a reality and truth created by people from a wide spectrum of the demographic as well as philosophical dissimilarities. It is very important for supporting and protecting the diversity because through valuing people and groups that is free from the prejudice, and through fostering a proper climate where the equity as well as mutual respects also is intrinsic. For the reason that of it is conflicting to the representation of many individuals plus animals, nature of the Islam's communication along with the visual arts within Africa also was one where Islamic forms also were housed plus adapted (Calderini, 2008). The Muslim clerics' literacy in addition to the esoteric authority drew some scores of the converts towards Islam. Islam even reinforced African fondness intended for the geometric design as well as repetition of the patterns while decorating exterior of the textiles along with crafted goods. Regional weaving might have got malformed with the importation of the North African tools and techniques of weaving. Islam also has generally existed alongside with the representational customs like camouflaged. Such practices also have been often viewed as supplemental other than one which is oppositional to the Islam, specifically when these appear as effectual or functioning outer of central worries of the faith. An instance of such was documented by the researcher named Ibn Battuta, who was the Maghribi researcher and visited the Mali within the year 135253 as well as saw a proper pretense recital at the royal court of the Muslim ruler. In several fields of the Africa, co-existence of the Islam along with figurative art types continues till date (Eister and Trimingham, 1970). Fields of diversity- Islamic political as well as aesthetic influences upon the societies in Africa yet remain hard to assess. Within few capital cities, like Ghana plus GAO, attendance of the Muslim dealers has brought an outcome towards founding of the mosques and building of several mosques. Malian ruler named Mansa Musa also brought back like a pilgrimage towards the Mecca designer named al-Sahili, also who was generally credited along with the creation of the Sudano-Sahelian which was a building approach. Musa's brother also followed his path as well as supportes building up and brining in of all novels of mosques, over and above the development and growth of the proper Islamic knowledge. Islam also brought to the nation the art and skill of the writing as well as new tools and techniques for weighting (Gould, 2015). City of the Timbuktu, for example, flourished like a proper commercial as well as intellectual center, apparently undisturbed through several disturbances. Timbuktu also started like a Tuareg resolution and was very rapidly incorporated into the Mali Empire. Islamic perspective Islam actually attempts to teach everyone that proper diversity in reality is the fact of the environment plus that it makes whole nature very beautiful. Also it says that God has made the universe and has implanted variety into it for a reason to make it extra beautiful and more appearing. As per the Islamic perspective god demonstrates in Quran that see the Allah had sent rain from sky and along with this we fetch out and then make of many colors. Also in hills there are areas white, several shade of blue and even rend and many other powerful shades. Muslims normally have been measured as the Religious Exclusivists. They are the ones who would never recognize people of some other faiths praiseworthy of the respect for their entire religious obligation. It is also believed that though this viewpoint truly reflects attitude of several though never necessarily majority Muslims this is also not consistent along with correct understanding and know-how of teachings of the Islam (Levtzi on and Trimingham, 1969). Islam, on one hand also takes a solid position within claiming that all its teachings also are true descriptions of the reality from the God, on other hand this also identifies genuine respect intended for all the non-Muslims. Also though any person gets influenced by understanding of the Religious Pluralism might not be instantly impressed by such view, an improved understanding of several verses of the Quranupon this subject might also suggest about fact that not merely is it correct Islamic considerate, yet this position can also be supported reasonably (Watt and Trimingham, 1969). Islamic practice: Islam actually had previously extended into the northern parts of Africa in middle of 7th century A.D., merely some decades following the one named as Prophet Muhammad shifted along with all supporters from the Mecca to the Medina upon neighboring Arabian Peninsula. Although at time of the prophets, truth through God actually used to exist so evidently manifested that in reality there was zero possibility for any person to refute it, and thus those people who did any such things were measured worthy of getting punishment and suffering ills. Also no such assert could be even made for non-prophetic phases (O'Brien and Trimingham, 1980). Muslims also have thus got to do only one single role: preach as well as respect all others for what their faith was, because they could never be confident whether other people also have rejected otherwise stayed far away from accommodating message of the Islam in spite of knowing that it was directly from God (Turner, 2007). It is vital to be conscious of what the previous French Islamic strategy was within the colonial Africa for examining the relation amid Islam as well as rule of the French colonial in the West Africa. The assumptions made by the French colonialists who belonged to Islam plus Africans also had implications upon their response towards the Muslim leaders as well as their subjects. Through a proper working, shifting cooperation, Muslim leaders also were tolerated plus even supported, but were later carefully scrutinized. French policy within 1920s plus 1930s also turned on distinction amid the good plus the bad Tariqs, during such period the bad Tariq was Hamawaiyyah and obviously once Yacouba also was seen like a Hamallist priest administrators aim was to recognize whether him plus his followers who shared tendencies of such order (Stewart and Trimingham, 1983). Conclusion: Africa is almost divided into very great amount of the ethnic cultures. This continent's attitude and cultural regeneration also has been a vital as well as an integral part of the after independence building of nations on this continent, along with proper recognition of requirement to harness cultural resources of the continent Africa towards enriching the procedure of the education, demanding the creating of proper facilitating ecology in several ways. In current times, call intended for a greater stress on cultural dimension within all facets of growth and development that has become gradually more vocal. At the time of colonialism within Africa, Europeans also possessed their attitudes of the dominance and an intellect of the mission. French also were capable to recognize an African like French if the person supplied African culture as well as adopted the French ways. In a nutshell here is all the detail about influence of the Islam on Africa. References Beckingham, C. and Trimingham, J. (1981). The Influence of Islam upon Africa (Second Edition). The Geographical Journal, 147(2), p.227. Calderini, S. (2008). Islam and Diversity: Alternative Voices within Contemporary Islam. New Blackfriars, 89(1021), pp.324-336. Eister, A. and Trimingham, J. (1970). The Influence of Islam upon Africa. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 9(2), p.178. Gould, R. (2015). Islam Returns to Spain: Religious Diversity, Political Discourse and Women's Rights. Islam and ChristianMuslim Relations, pp.1-18. Levtzion, N. and Trimingham, J. (1969). The Influence of Islam upon Africa. African Historical Studies, 2(2), p.375. O'Brien, D. and Trimingham, J. (1980). The Influence of Islam upon Africa. International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-), 56(4), p.742. Stewart, C. and Trimingham, J. (1983). Influence of Islam upon Africa. The International Journal of African Historical Studies, 16(1), p.153. Turner, B. (2007). Managing religions: state responses to religious diversity. Cont Islam, 1(2), pp.123-137. Watt, W. and Trimingham, J. (1969). The Influence of Islam upon Africa. International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-), 45(3), p.546. Weiss, B. (1971). Book reviews : J. S. Trimingham, The Influence of Islam upon Africa, London, Longmans, Green, 1968, pp. 256 $ 8.00. Journal of Asian and African Studies, 6(2), pp.164-165.
Saturday, April 11, 2020
Kemble Knight Sarah Kemble Knight. Journal. Group A: Our group found passages to support the idea that Knight was courageous. On the first day of their journey they encountered a thick swamp On the second day they crossed a river which greatly terrified knight. She goes on to say I now ralyed all the courage I was mistress of ... (now would seem like a good time for a woman from the city to call it quits!) On day three Knight can not cross the river because the water is too high at present so she stays at a little cottage. Knight says, this little Hutt was one of the wretchedest I ever saw a habitation for human creatures. Also on day three Knight says an Indian-like Animal come to the door. If knight is concerned about her safety she doesn't write about it. On December 21 they encounter a great storm of wind and snow. Winter probably wasn't a good time to take a road trip! Group B: By taking her journey, Sarah Kemble Knight proved her self-reliance and independence. Here are a few dates and instances that really stood out in our minds. Oct. 2nd- Knight bribes John to leave with her. Oct. 3rd- She begins to conquer her fear of drowning by crossing the water in a canoe. Oct. 4th- Knight survived the cruel treatment by Mr. Devills and his daughters. Dec. 21st- Knight makes it through illness without much distress. March 3rd- Knight shows her inner strength in that she could be away from her child for so long.
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
How to Write a Sociology Essay Ultimate Guide Looking for advice on how to write a good sociology essay? Sociology is a science that systematically studies human society. Sociologists try to understand and explain the interaction of social groups and individuals. When writing sociology papers, you have to provide an effective sociological argument that balances structural constraints and individual agency. Actually, your task is to provide a strong sociological argument and make it as clear as possible in stating your thesis. Sociology essay writing can be a daunting task if you are a beginner in sociology and canÃ¢â¬â¢t boast of strong writing skills. But there is no need to feel frustrated about that. Writing skills can be learned if you work hard and practice a lot. Here is an easy guide to writing an impressive sociology essay where you can find all the essential information on all aspects of the writing and editing process. Keep reading to learn the secrets of writing on sociology topics. What Is a Sociology Essay? Sociology essay is a common assignment for students who take classes in sociology. This type of assignment is typically based on library research but it can also be based on empirical content. When writing a sociology essay, you have to provide an answer to a research question and argue convincingly for your answer to the assignment question that is called the assignmentÃ¢â¬â¢s assertion. All assignments in sociology are argumentative and you have to convince your readers that your assertion is correct and to present the necessary information to support your argument in a specific order. That means that you have to structure your sociology essay in a specific way. All sociology essays typically consist of the introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. If the topic for your essay was given by your instructor, you have to follow the directions provided in your assignment. You may be asked to write different types of essays for your sociology class. You can be assigned to: summarize a certain text; compare and contrast two texts; explain or interpret a passage; apply a theory; critique or evaluate an argument or a theory. How to Tackle Different Types of Sociology Essays: Quick Tips from Our Experts When you need to summarize a sociology text, you actually have to provide a brief overview of the piece of writing. You need to determine the most important points of the argument in a certain text and present them in the best possible way. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s essential to include in your summary concrete key points and examples. When analyzing a quote or interpreting a passage, you have to keep a balance between explaining the given text and linking it to the text of the entire work. Remember that there different ways of being right when interpreting a passage. You need to identify the central argument and determine how it fits into the overall argument. When writing a compare and contrast sociology essay, you have to explore differences and similar features in two texts. You need to explain the argument and the evidence of two different texts. You should show that you understand both texts and are able to determine their similarities and differences. You need to create a strong thesis statement that unites the discussion of the texts. You can discuss whether one argument is more convincing than the other. Besides, you can speak about the strong points and weaknesses of both texts. You can organize your essays around the main points of comparison or around the theories of the authors. When your assignment is to evaluate arguments or theories, you have to demonstrate your critical thinking skills and your ability to think independently. When completing this type of assignment, you can use different strategies, for example, determine the weaknesses and strengths of the argument, find some important points in the text, and anticipate the counter-argument. If your assignment is to apply a theory, you need to find analytical concepts in your readings and apply them to interpreting some phenomenon you have observed. You can be assigned to conduct some research or analyze a single magazine article, movie, book, event, website or TV show. For example, you may be asked to analyze a film Office Space using the theory of bureaucracy by Weber. How to Choose Powerful Sociology Essay Topics If your professor hasnÃ¢â¬â¢t assigned a specific topic for your sociology essay, you have to choose a good topic yourself. You should choose your topic as early as possible to ensure that you will have enough time for writing it. Besides, you should think critically when choosing your topic and keep in mind that the success of your sociology essay will depend on a good sociological question. When selecting a topic for your essay, you can use different approaches: You can choose a topic you are interested in; You can write about a phenomenon or a concept that is not familiar to you and challenge yourself; You can pick a broad topic and narrow it to focus on some small issue and dig deeply for new ideas. Lack interesting ideas for sociology essay topics? Feel free to use some form our short list. The Culture of Poverty What is the Impact of the Technological Progress on the PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Health? Benefits of Real Friendship Moral Norms and Deviations What are the Long-term Effects of Child Abuse? How Do Divorces Affect Children? Superstitions in Japan Key Features of Mayan Culture Food Traditions in Rich and Poor Areas Anti-vaccination Movement History of Suffragettes Civil Rights Movement How Are Women and Men Treated Differently in Media? What Are the Messages Promoted by the Contemporary Music? Common Attitudes Toward GMOs What Caused the Rise of the Organic Farming? Importance of Food Education Social Networking in Modern Society Nationality and Pride Effects of Racial Stereotypes How to Make an Outline for Your Sociology Essay When writing your sociology essay, you should use complex, sophisticated, and creative ways to structure your key ideas. Creating an outline, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be able to find out if your key points connect to each other or if there are gaps in your thinking. It will help you stay focused and organized and ensure that your sociology essay is coherent. Before you start creating an outline, you need to determine the purpose of your essay and your audience and formulate your thesis statement/research question. You can use 2 approaches when creating an outline for your sociology essay: the sentence outline that is made of full sentences; the topic outline that is made of short phrases. When making a basic outline, you should follow certain steps: Determine the research problem; Determine the key categories; Make the first category; Determine subcategories. Keep in mind that there are no rules that determine which approach is the best so you can use either the sentence outline or the topic outline. Of course, you should be consistent and stick to a certain approach. You can also arrange the key points of your outline in the chronological order. Work on the Essay Structure You should outline a detailed structure of what you plan to include in your sociology essay. YouÃ¢â¬â¢d better start with the main sections and experiment with different sequences filling every section with the necessary information. You can outline your argument in an abbreviated form to get an idea of if it is logical and identify possible gaps in it. You can add necessary information where it is suitable. When you start writing your sociology essay, this structure can serve as headings for different sections of your essay. Make sure your headings are brief and clearly state the key ideas of every section. If you do it this way, you will be able to work on your essay writing any section in the middle of your essay without having finished the previous ones. That will make the writing process easier. Write a Draft Start writing your sociology essay early so you will have enough time for completing it on time. The writing process is time-consuming and requires hard work. Keep in mind that no one can write a strong essay from the beginning to the end without revising, rewriting, adding, deleting or moving different parts of the content. Start with an Introduction In this part, you have to present your research question/thesis statement and demonstrate that it will be interesting to find the answer. You have to explain the significance of your topic and outline the key points of your argument to help your readers follow your logic. You can also provide a hint on your assertion, saying something like Ã¢â¬ I will argue thatÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ . During the writing process, you should stay focused on your assertion, even if you change it as the work progresses. Here is a recipe for an introduction to your sociology essay: the research question/thesis statement; the key reasons why the topic is important; major points; an assertion and answer to your research question. Provide the Background Information To help your readers follow your essay and ensure that they will be able to assess your argument, you need to provide them with some basic information that introduces your topic, describes the key problems, and briefly explains theories, concepts, and empirical findings. You should include here any relevant information for your research question and your assertion. You can also give an account of the previous research on your topic and explain why it is important for your research question. For example, if your assignment is to make an investigation about the reasons of unemployment of people with criminal records, you have to provide information from the previous research that proves that former prison inmates face difficulties when searching for jobs. Discuss Your Research Question In this part, you have to offer the line of argumentation. There is no need to be dogmatic. You can just state that there isnÃ¢â¬â¢t an unambiguous answer to your research question. For instance, you can provide an argument for the assertion that we canÃ¢â¬â¢t fully determine the reasons why women earn less than men. If you are assessing two theories that explain a social phenomenon, you should discuss the strengths and weaknesses of every theory, addressing different elements of the social phenomenon. You should make clear points that support your argument in different ways. To make your sociology essay orderly and easy-to-read, you should devote every new paragraph to a new point. You should start each paragraph with a topic sentence and then provide supporting arguments and relevant evidence. Take into account all possible relevant objections and treat them seriously. Be creative to anticipate how your future readers may critically assess your argument. You need to provide clear answers and prove that those objections are irrelevant. Write a Conclusion In this part of your sociology essay, you should emphasize your findings and state once more why they are significant. You can restate your assertion more confidently because you have already shown your audience why itÃ¢â¬â¢s the most correct and the most reasonable answer to your research question. You can also give some recommendations and provide suggestions for further research. This part shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t include any new information Ã¢â¬â you should make it as brief as possible. Revise Your Sociology Essay Be ready to write more than one draft of your essay. First drafts are full of confusions, errors, omissions, and bad writing. If you want to make your essay perfect, you will need to revise it and rewrite it in whole or in part several times. When revising your essay, you will be able to expand your argument, improve your analysis, and make links between your arguments. You can add some information, make changes in the content, move your parts or delete them, rework sentences and paragraphs. A good idea is to ask someone to read your sociology essay to point out mistakes and suggest improvements. You can ask your family member or a roommate to do that. When your final draft is ready, you need to proofread it and eliminate minor grammar, spelling, and punctuation mistakes and typos. You should aim for the economy of the language and the precision. Proofreading your sociology essay will be easier if you read it aloud. Remember that a revision takes time so donÃ¢â¬â¢t put it off till the last day before your deadline.
Sunday, February 23, 2020
Level 3 Research Statistics - Assignment Example Online journal articles Websites of the regulatory bodies Medical websites Reliability and Validity of information Printed information Oral information Electronic information Based on facts Data collection procedure explained Analysis made open to verification Concurs with other independently published material. Cross verify by asking multiple individuals Verify against previously ascertained data Based on facts Data collection procedure explained Analysis made open to verification Concurs with other independently published material. 5. Introduction: The effects of alcohol on various cognitive processes are well documented. There is evidence that even at low BACÃ¢â¬â¢s there can be significant impairing of key psycho-motor functions that are implicated in driving, including vision, perception, tracking, attention and information processing. The effects of alcohol are also affected by habit, gender, age, weight and emotional state. Burns and Moskowitz (1977) have found that chronic drinkers show less impairment on the surface as compared to occasional drinkers. The same alcohol consumption leads to differing BAC levels depending on the weight of the drinker. Women are more likely to show impairment as compared to men with the same amount of alcohol consumption (Howat et. al.; 1991). ... Vision is significantly impaired by alcohol consumption, in that there is a tendency to focus centrally, with less use of peripheral vision; such that the ability to us peripheral vision is impaired (Buikhuisen and Jongman, 1972). Apparently, alcohol consumption causes a narrowing of the field of vision. Other data has shown that this impairment, though significant, is not enough to account for crashes. Other evidence suggests that the problem is more explainable by the impairment of perception. Alcohol reduces the individualsÃ¢â¬â¢ ability to process perceptually complex information. This may explain why simple driving conditions are not particularly impaired, as compared to complex conditions brought about by multiple stimuli present on city streets (Adams and Brown, 1975). Tracking Ã¢â¬â in driving conditions the steering of the vehicle Ã¢â¬â is a very complex activity under the best of circumstances. Even minor impairment seems to have significant effects of steering beha viour as it requires activation of multiple faculties (Drew et al., 1959). The mind stores information under different classifications, creating a complex mental structure. When requires, activation of the relevant parts of this structure allow us to use the necessary information. Alcohol inhibits this ability of the brain to access information; and also makes the interpretation of presented information more difficult (Attwood, 1978). It has been found that response times lengthen under the effect of alcohol, an effect seen more prominently as the number of stimuli keeps increasing (Boyd et al., 1962). Attention is among the first of the psycho-motor abilities to be affected by alcohol, making the task of gathering information more